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Renfe S/252  
in short
order details

In 1989, the Spanish national railways (Renfe) had to curridge to order 75 bi-tension high performance locomotives with three-phase-technology. In 1991 the first machine was delivered and up to today these S/252 series locomotives play an important role on both the Spanish conventional network with 1668 Iberian track gauge as the ever growing high speed network on that country. This section tells you more about these machines that have played an important role in the development of the Siemens EuroSprinter familiy.

Sources used: "EuroSprinter, Die erfolgreiche Lokomotivfamilie von Siemens" von Karl Gerhard Baur - Locomotora eléctrica 252 / Via Libre 2005 - Listadotrenes.es - special thanks to: Guy Depreatere, Richi Gomez and Javier Peña.

 
in total, 75 units built
delivery period 06.1991 - 04.1996
homologated for Spain only
> designation S/252 001-075
 
operator official website:
Siemens official website:
http://www.mobility.siemens.com
   
Renfe S/252: News  
open news
2014-08-08 [ES] Renfe S252 010 burns down
open news
2013-07-07 [ES] S/252 series locomotives with Renfe Integria logos
open news
2013-05-14 [ES/FR] S252 series and Renfe Mercancias: update
open news
2012-08-22 [ES/FR] S252 with an AVE trainset heading for France
open news
2012-05-22 [ES] Gauge change in Granada
open news
2012-03-06 [BE] history: Renfe S/252 001 in Belgium
open news
2011-11-16 [IT/ES] August 1992: Renfe S/252 015 on trial in Italy [edited]
open news
2011-01-04 [ES/FR] Renfe S/252 and the BarceLyon-express [update]
open news
2010-12-23 [ES/FR] Renfe S/252 going to France
Renfe S/252: General history  
With the introduction of five prototype electrics by the German rail industry, back in the seventies, the era of three-phase propelled locomotives for passenger services started. Locomotives 120 001-005 delivered to the German railways (DB) set the standard for a batch of another 60 units (120 101-160), still used for various regional and intercity services throughout Germany.

At the end of the eighties, the DB was planning on a multi-purpose derivate of the 120 series, to be built in large numbers as it had take German railways to the next level. However, this 'Project 121' was never realized, due to changing political and economical conditions. Nevertheless, the German industry had already anticipated on this future plan, and different consortia had built several demonstrators to show the DB what was possible with three-phase-technology. Siemens-KraussMaffei constructed the 127 001 'EuroSprinter', often referred to as the godfather of the modern Siemens electrics (and most Siemens products on this website).

But in this section we take you one step back, back to Spain, because the design of the 127 001 did not come out of the blue. It's looks and construction are based on that of the S/252 series built for the Spanish national railways (Renfe), the order that cleared the way for the EuroSprinter family and made it possible for Siemens-KraussMaffei to explore the possibilities of the new technologies in combination with higher speeds, different weather conditions and multi-system usage.

In March 1989, Renfe placed an order for 75 new multi-purpose, high-performance electrics, able to haul 500 tonnes passenger trains at a speed of 220 km/h as well as 800 tonnes freight trains on routes with slopes up to 20 promille.

Spain was by then, and still is, one of the most ambitious countries in Europe when it comes to public transport. In the past decades the government has invested large amounts of money in new infrastructure and new rolling stock. In 1988 it was decided to start building the first high speed lines, that, as they could become part of a of a pan-European network in a distant future, had to meet European standards. This resulted in a complete new type of infrastructure on the Iberian peninsula. These new lines have 1435 mm European gauge (Iberian gauge is 1668 mm) tracks and a 25kV AC voltage system (3 kV DC is used for the classic network). Next to this, there is always the ongoing discussion in Spain to redesign the complete railways system for 1435 mm gauge. However, as this is very expensive, it is unlikely that it will ever happen.

Renfe decided that the S/252 series had to be compatible with all this infrastructural parameters. This has resulted in a batch being a mix of single- and multi-system electrics, continuously changing bogies, changing gauge width.

Siemens was the leading manufacturer of a German-Swiss consortium, also including Krauss-Maffei from Munich, Thyssen-Henschel and ABB Verkerstechnik from Zurich. These companies had to collaborate closely with several manufacturers from Spain; Meinfesa from Valencia (now Vossloh Espana) and the CAF-factory in Barcelona. All components for the first batch of 15 units were built and assembled in Switserland and Germany. With sufficient help, Meinfesa completed 45 units of the 'Spanish batch' of the serie, CAF assembled 15 locomotives.

Renfe S/252: facts and figures  
When all machines were delivered, the total order could be decomposed in three batches:

servicenumbers production track gauge catenary systems livery
S/252 001-015
Germany/Switzerland
1435 mm
25kV AC + 3kV DC
white AVE
S/252 016-031
Spain, Meinfesa and CAF
1668 mm
25kV AC + 3kV DC
amarillo/grey
S/252 032-075
Spain, Meinfesa and CAF
1668 mm
3kV DC
amarillo/grey

Track gauge of various bicourant locomotives changed during the past decades. Between 1997 and 2000, S/252 011-015 got 1668 mm gauge bogies. In 2002 eleven units (S/252 012, 015, 017-018, 020, 024-028, 031) were selected for running on the Madrid-Lleida high speed line and got 1435 mm normal gauge bogies instead of 1668 mm. (situation 30.11.2004). On 05.11.2009, the situation was again different, at that moment units S/252 001-008, 010-012, 015, 017, 020, 024-028 were normal gauge.

general technical specs:

Product name S/252
Product description asynchrone bi/mono-tension multi purpose electric locomotive
Power system (25kV AC and) 3 kV DC
Total length 20.380 mm
Wheel base 10.500 mm
no. axles / Axle arrangement: 4 / Bo' Bo'
Track gauge 1435 mm or 1668 mm
Total weight 89 tonnes (bi-tension) or 87 tonnes (mono-tension)
Top speed 220 kph
Power rating 5.600 kW
Renfe S/252: Liveries  
Amarillo-grey with AVE logos
During its trial phase, S/252 001 was painted in the standard Renfe colours 'amarillo' and grey. It also carried AVE logos. Before the machine was delivered it was repainted in white.
white with AVE logos
All 15 locomotives of the 'German-Swiss batch', S/252 001-015, were delivered in a white livery with AVE logos. Remarkable is that S/252 009 has been spotted with two AVE logos on its side.
ammarillo and grey
All sixty units that were built in Spain by CAF and Meinfesa, S/252 016-075 were delivered in the standard Renfe livery of that time; ammarillo-grey with large service numbers on both sides. S/252 012, 014 and 015 were also repainted in these colours later on.
Grandes Líneas - Arco
At the end of the nineties, Renfe introduced new product names for several high quality services. 'Arco' services were introduced between Barcelona - Valencia - Alicante, Barcelona-Andalucia and Vigo-Hendaye. S/252 units hauling these trains got a special white livery with a large blue arc. This livery is only applied on Iberian-gauge units.
Grandes Líneas - Altaria
Similar to the Arco livery is the Altaria-version, applied on locomotives running between Madrid-Barcelona, Madrid-Pamplona, and Madrid-Alicante, mostly with Talgo VII-rakes. Only Iberian guage units got the Altaria livery. During the past years, both the Arco and Altaria logos were gradually removed from all S/252s, so there is also a version of this white and blue design without logos.
Operadora standard
A few years ago, Renfe introduced a complete new corporate identity for its entire fleet, developed by design agency Interbrand. It resulted in two different liveries for the S/252 series. The units with Iberian gauge bogies, used for 'standard' intercity passenger services, are being repainted in white and dark grey, decorated with two lila stripes and a large lila Renfe logo.
Operadora high speed
The locomotives that have normal guage bogies and therefore slso used on the various Spanish high speed lines (on 05.11.2009: S/252 001-008, 010-012, 015, 017, 020, 024-028, source listadotren.es) get the CO-version of the high speed department. These machines are again white, with a dark grey arc on both sides and a silver and lila stripe. The Renfe logo is identical to the normal version of this livery. The headlights of these machines are connected by a dark grey bar.
Renfe Mercancias
On 21.12.2010, Renfe started freight services to France with S/252s. For this purpose, four units, 252 017, 024, 025 and 028 were adjusted an got additional Mercancias-logos. There are two versions, one is based on the Operadora high speed livery, the other one on Operadora standard. The latter one is applied on 252 019 for example.
Renfe Integria
Somewhere in 2012/2013, three locomotives got Renfe Integria logos. This resulted in two new livery variations. 252 013 in blue and white with the Integria logos. 252 047 and 067 already had the Operadora standard livery so they just got extra Integria inscriptions. Renfe Integria is the division of the Spanish railways responsible for maintenance and spare parts.
Renfe S/252: milestones  
March 1989 order placed
18.06.1991
Roll-out of the first S/252 in Munich, locomotive no. 20.000 of the Krauss-Maffei production list. Remarkable is that the machine shown that day was in fact machine no. 20001, or Renfe S/252 002. Unit 001 was still painted yellow at that moment and the Spanish railways wanted a white coloured locomotive to be present, painted in the latest AVE-livery.
1991
first test runs took place in the Czech Republic, mainly on the Velim test circuit of Cerhenice. 14 of 15 machines from the first batch were made ready for service there. With only one unit this was done in Spain.
June 1991
the yellow and grey painted S/252 001 performs trails in Luxembourg
31.07.1991
S/252 002 is the first to arrive in Spain, running on 1668 mm gauge bogies of a Spanish diesel locomotive
July 1991 – April 1992
trial runs in Spain on the highspeed line Madrid-Sevilla testing mechanics, electrical equipment, ASFA and LZB signalling systems.
28.11.1991
S/252 002 sets a new Spanish high speed record: 256 kph.
June 1992
S/252 001 performs trial and demonstration runs in Belgium
August 1992
S/252 015 visits Italy, as the Italian railways were interested in a bicourant modern electric capable of running under 3kV DC catenary. This did not lead to an order.
03.05.1994
S/252 009 reaches for 302 kph with a Talgo-train
1995
S/252 054 out of service after an accident
April 1996
delivery of the last locomotive
2003
S/252 062 out of service after an accident
2005
S/252 009 out of service after catching fire
Renfe S/252: international freight services to France  
On 21.12.2010, Renfe and SNCF Geodis (Naviland Cargo) started a freight service from Barcelona via Perpignan in Spain to France: the BarceLyon Express. For this purpose, Renfe adapted four normal gauge S/252s and two 319 series diesel locomotives for services over the new high speed line from Figueras to Perpignan, so they could reach the Perpignan International freight yard from Barcelona and go into France from there. The French safety authority EPSF approved the locomotives on 16.12.2010 for the French network.

The four S/252 units involved are 252-017, 024, 025 and 028. They are quite easy to distinguish, as they got additional Mercancias logos. - LC

Renfe S/252: Select your locomotive:  
Krauss-Maffei 20000 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-001-3" 2 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Krauss-Maffei 20001 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-002-1" 1 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Krauss-Maffei 20002 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-003-9" 3 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20003 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-004-7" 1 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20004 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-005-4" 2 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20005 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-006-2" 2 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20006 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-007-0" 2 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20007 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-008-8" 2 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20008 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-009-6" 2 picture(s) available       vehicle is scrapped
Krauss-Maffei 20009 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-010-4" 2 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20010 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-011-2" 1 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20011 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-012-0" 4 picture(s) available        
Krauss-Maffei 20012 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-013-8" 5 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Krauss-Maffei 20013 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-014-6" 6 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Krauss-Maffei 20014 1991 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-015-3" 1 picture(s) available        
Renfe S/252: Select your locomotive:  
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-016-1" 2 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Meinfesa 1904 1992 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-017-9" 3 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-018-7" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-019-5" 2 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-020-3" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-021-1" 5 picture(s) available     graphics available  
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-022-9" 2 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-023-7" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa 1909 1992 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-024-5" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa 1910 1992 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-025-2" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-026-0" 1 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-027-8" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa 1912 1992 S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-028-6" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-029-4" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-030-2" 5 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-031-0" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-032-8" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-033-6" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-034-4" 5 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-035-1" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-036-9" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-037-7" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-038-5" 3 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-039-3" 7 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-040-1" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-041-9" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-042-7" 1 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-043-5" 4 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-044-3" 4 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-045-0" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-046-8" 2 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-047-6" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-048-4" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-049-2" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-050-0" 3 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-051-8" 6 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-052-6" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-053-4" 4 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-054-2"         vehicle is scrapped
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-055-9" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-056-7" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-057-5" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-058-3" 3 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-059-1" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-060-9" 7 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-061-7" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-062-5"         vehicle is scrapped
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-063-3" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-064-1" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-065-8" 2 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-066-6" 10 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-067-4" 4 picture(s) available     graphics available  
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-068-2" 1 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-069-0" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-070-8" 4 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-071-6" 3 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-072-4" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-073-2" 5 picture(s) available        
Meinfesa ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-074-0" 5 picture(s) available        
CAF ? 199x S 252 Bo'Bo'-el Renfe  "252-075-7" 6 picture(s) available