On 08.11.2006, the Spanish national rail operator Renfe placed an order with Bombardier for 100 TRAXX DC locomotives, to be operated by its freight division, Renfe Mercancias. 55 units were built by Bombardier at its site in Vado Ligure, Italy. The other 45 locomotives were assembled in Villaverde, near Madrid, using kits supplied by various Bombardier production sites. Originally, it was planned to built the first 10 units in Kassel, but this plan was changed.
All 100 machines were built and delivered in 2008-2010. Coming from Wroclaw in Poland, the body of 253 001 arrived at Vado Ligure in July 2007. Customer specific modifications that Bombardier had to make for this order were: Adjust the locomotive bogies for 1668 mm Iberian track gauge, install a new type of integrated auxiliary converters and add powerful airconditioning equipment (visible on the cabin rooftops).