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Renfe S/252: milestones  
March 1989 order placed
18.06.1991
Roll-out of the first S/252 in Munich, locomotive no. 20.000 of the Krauss-Maffei production list. Remarkable is that the machine shown that day was in fact machine no. 20001, or Renfe S/252 002. Unit 001 was still painted yellow at that moment and the Spanish railways wanted a white coloured locomotive to be present, painted in the latest AVE-livery.
1991
first test runs took place in the Czech Republic, mainly on the Velim test circuit of Cerhenice. 14 of 15 machines from the first batch were made ready for service there. With only one unit this was done in Spain.
June 1991
the yellow and grey painted S/252 001 performs trails in Luxembourg
31.07.1991
S/252 002 is the first to arrive in Spain, running on 1668 mm gauge bogies of a Spanish diesel locomotive
July 1991 – April 1992
trial runs in Spain on the highspeed line Madrid-Sevilla testing mechanics, electrical equipment, ASFA and LZB signalling systems.
28.11.1991
S/252 002 sets a new Spanish high speed record: 256 kph.
June 1992
S/252 001 performs trial and demonstration runs in Belgium
August 1992
S/252 015 visits Italy, as the Italian railways were interested in a bicourant modern electric capable of running under 3kV DC catenary. This did not lead to an order.
03.05.1994
S/252 009 reaches for 302 kph with a Talgo-train
1995
S/252 054 out of service after an accident
April 1996
delivery of the last locomotive
2003
S/252 062 out of service after an accident
2005
S/252 009 out of service after catching fire